The patient-oriented questions involving interpretation of a therapy or disease and consideration of risk vs. From the above case, you can identify pediatric population with otitis media, the age range, sex, presenting complaint, and history.
If your question can explain a given problem while pointing toward a specific aspect which is missing then your project can get a great deal of support. How to practice and teach EBM. You will have more support for your study, and it will be easier to publish if the topic is novel and also interests your collaborators, colleagues, and the community at large.
Conducting a thorough literature search also helps in finding information on the methodology, calculating the sample size, and also the type of analysis as we are looking to find a difference. A good primary outcome should be easily quantifiable, specific, valid, reproducible, and appropriate to your research question.
PubMed clinical query is an easy and user-friendly database to search for evidence related to clinical practice. This is sometimes difficult for a new investigator and they need guidance from their mentors.
The goal of the literature review is to determine what research has been conducted on the topic of interest? Footnotes Conflict of Interest: These types of questions can be answered by going through review articles or text books. Comparator or control-when a new therapy is compared with the existing one.
Systematic reviews are rigorous methods of collecting and synthesizing the results of many high-quality studies. Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge Dr. We have introduced the concept of background and foreground questions and also the types of different questions that can arise therapy, harm, diagnosis, and prognosis.
Depending upon the research question, sometimes the study can be replicated if your question approaches an existing problem in a refreshing way. Relevant Open in a separate window Population or problem- addressing a specific population, its important characteristics and demographic information.
Further, we need to consider the feasibility of finding the evidence in a short period. She wants to know if the prescribed amoxicillin is effective, or it can be substituted with another antibiotic because of its side effects such as frequent diarrhea.
Does treatment with amoxicillin increase the risk of developing resistance in children suffering from otitis media? Conducting literature review The innovation of any research question is determined by a thorough literature search. Here we will present a clinical scenario and see how clinical questions arise and help us in finding the evidence to answer our question.
Therefore, the outcome in the above case can be the relief of pain, the resolution of infection, or decreasing the risk of developing resistance.
A well-formulated research question needs extreme specificity and preciseness which guides the implementation of the project keeping in mind the identification of variables and population of interest. Any replication of the study already existing in the literature is not worth repeating as it is.
He has a history of recurrent ear infections, and his mother expresses a concern that he has been on the antibiotic amoxicillin for the past few weeks. This also provides information to search MEDLINE by doing categorical searches, for example, therapeutic, diagnostic, etiological, and prognostic.
For example, based on your observation in clinic, cefuroxime is another better treatment option as compared to amoxicillin in treating otitis media but you are not sure about its efficacy in pediatric population with otitis media.
Jones and Bartlett Publishers; As evident in this case, there are several relevant questions, for example: These questions mostly compare the two, either two drugs or treatments or two diagnostic methods, etc. Applications in dietetic practice.
The difficulty in framing a research question is not due to the lack of ideas.Step'by-step guide to critiquing research.
Part 1: quantitative research Coughian, Patricia Cronin, Frances Ryan Abstract When caring for patients it is essential that nurses are using the current best practice. To determine what this is, nurses must be able to read research critically.
But for many qualified and student nurses the. Reference as: Hewitt M., How to Search and Critically Evaluate Research Literature. The NIHR RDS for the East Midlands / Yorkshire & the Humber, Michael Hewitt read research literature critically, it is essential that the reader has a basic understanding.
Assessment overview. This assessment task requires you to write an essay that critically reviews the current research literature on how personality relates to proactive coping in university students. A nurses’ guide to the critical reading of research ABSTRACT Objective critically analysing and applying research becomes vital when so much rests on professional ability and accountability.
for the current research (Ryan‑Wenger ). This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated research question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically appraise relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.
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