They consist of one basic chemical ring. Understand the importance of the mono and disaccharides to the human diet. A diet too high in added sugars and carbohydrates may alter blood lipids in ways that may worsen heart disease risk and increase levels of obesity.
Identify health effects associated with dietary fiber intake.
Also, it helps in protein sparing, preventing Nutrition 200 exam 1 review, regulating blood glucose levels, flavoring and sweetening foods, and glycemic response Understand what components of foods are responsible for sweetness.
Glucose, fructose, and galactose. Softens stool and speeds up passage through digestive system Neither type of fiber is digestible. Diabetes is a condition in which people have problems producing enough insulin to regulate these blood glucose levels. Soluble and Insoluble fiber. A health claim is a statement made about a product that link it or some of its ingredients to a reduced risk of disease, such as a claim that consuming fiber reduces your risk of heart disease.
Monosaccharides are single, simple sugars. The body breaks down or converts most carbohydrates into the sugar, glucose. Identify storage forms of carbohydrates in plants and mammals. Lactose disaccharide aids in the absorption of the mineral calcium and favors the growth of beneficial intestinal bacteria.
Sucrose disaccharide is table sugar and comprises 25 percent of the total caloric intake of Western diets. Understand the relationship between carbohydrates and chronic diseases such as, obesity, diabetes, lactose intolerance and cancer. Soluble fibers are known for their ability to lower blood cholesterol.
Can also lower blood cholesterol. Understand the difference between a health claim and nutrient claim. The major function of carbohydrates is to supply energy or calories. Insoluble fiber is not digestible, can not dissolve in water, composed of plant cell walls and is found in cereals, grains, legumes, kidney beans, green beans, wheat bran cereal, brown rice, carrots, and seeds.
Starch is not as highly branched as glycogen but animals use it more. Three dissacharides are sucrose, lactose, and maltose. Glucose monosaccharide is the main source of energy for the body and circulates in the blood.
Solubility has nothing to do with digestion. Fructose mono can increase blood lipids and may be harmful to heart health. The average human stores only approximately 2, calories as glycogen.
Dietary fiber is the carbohydrates that resist human digestive enzymes and prevent a number of chronic diseases. Glycogen is stored in the muscles and liver.
Starch is utilized by plants, glycogen is utilized by humans. Insoluble fibers tend to hold on to water in the gut and may soften stools and accelerate the passage of contents through the gastrointestinal tract, decreasing what is called transit time.
Understand the two main types of fiber and identify at least two sources of each. Nutritive Sweeteners- such as Fructose and sucrose Non-Nutritive Sweeteners- such as Aspartame, acesulfame-K, saccharin, and sucralose Identify and differentiate between mono and disaccharides structure and function.Sep 26, · Nutrition exam 1 review questions (UB buffalo) KevinJamesZhao.
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