All established states put their own interests first. If a people are under the yoke of an authoritarian government, they can revolt against it and set up a government that complies more closely with their desires.
It is a common assumption, and Rae is certainly not the first to make it.
The war in Iraq has had another detrimental effect: Other than creating complex problems of deceit and concealment, electoral democracy and representative assemblies had little to do with that process. What lies behind U. And electoral democracy cannot function effectively outside political units such as nation-states.
New York became the financial capital of the world,  but the Wall Street Crash of hurled the Western industrialized world into the Great Depression.
The Exporting democracy in power are capable of brushing off for decades all requests for political liberalization; this is exemplified in the case of Burma and the persecution suffered by the opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, even in the face of a pressing international-solidarity campaign.
The cases reviewed show that whenever a country set about imposing Exporting democracy from the outside, it tends to do so repeatedly. Electoral democracy is also unlikely to produce outcomes convenient to hegemonic or imperial powers. The problems and failures in Afghanistan and in Iraq have numerous Exporting democracy.
But the carrot does not consist solely of economic aid. Much of this shifting reality is in stark contrast to the picture being drawn by the Bush administration. It is equally important to offer countries that might choose democracy the chance to join the club of democratic states on equal terms, rather than establish an explicit hierarchy in which a state deems it can export its own system instead of allowing different states to participate in a political union where the various systems are compared and reinforced.
First, such lists are usually provided by the liberal left and usually leave most readers with a residual but invisible feeling that the evidence might have been doctored. The disastrous outcome of the Treaty of Versailles induced the Allies to radically change tack after Another factor may be the most important: If democracy can be defined as a journey, some peoples could benefit from travelling together.
As a result of intense internal debate, the national policy was one of becoming the Arsenal of Democracythat is financing and equipping the Allied armies without sending American combat soldiers. Bush and Barack Obama - to illuminate the dangers of waging war to spread democracy. It might be expected that democratic countries would unconditionally support those struggling for democracy.
Recognition of individual responsibility for the crime of aggression or for crimes against humanity was used to provide legitimacy for a new leadership based on completely different values.
Three intentions Does the conclusion necessarily follow that exporting democracy has no greater legitimacy than exporting any other regime?
As might be expected, the regime promoted tends to correspond to that of the promoting power, although there is no general rule. By comparison, the amounts dedicated to development aid are small change: In the case in which the public expresses an explicit will in favour of a democratic government, this does not mean that the same public will accept a military invasion.
This period lasted until almost the end of the 20th century and is thought to be both an ideological and power struggle between the two superpowers. Keep it short — no minute monologue for a second attention span.
Other military occupations, such as in Korea in the s and South Vietnam and Cambodia in the s and s, were dictated mainly by the intention to block communist expansion, and democratisation was not even attempted. Precisely because IOs are multilateral, they are less likely to dominate one state or to be perceived as an instrument of domination.
Inthe Soviet Union dissolved into separate nations, and the Cold War formally ended as the United States gave separate diplomatic recognition to the Russian Federation and other former Soviet states.
It has already been seen how controversial it is to assess democratic regimes and how reluctant also consoli- dated democracies are to accept external assessments. Both good and evil empires have produced the barbarisation of our era, to which the "war against terror" has now contributed.
Europe and the Americas [Oxford University Press, ]. However, the action taken by the Soviet Union was opposite to that of the Allies: Some claim that it is not possible to achieve democratisation if there is no internal pressure: Democracy, interdependence, and international organizations [WW Norton, ].
In the absence of such power, the would-be exporter of democracy would have to rely on the opinion expressed by existing institutions or third-party organisations. This essay asks whether it is legitimate, and what means may be used, to bring about a regime in autocratic countries in order to convert them to democracy.
One typical case occurred in the post years.Exporting Democracy has 8 ratings and 2 reviews. Naeem said: Two stars for what the author thinks he accomplishes and three for what he actually gets don /5(2).
Mar 15, · Those seeking evidence that the United States retains an ability to export democracy in the 21st century should turn their attention away from city squares in Kiev and Cairo to more peaceful terrain where a major global devolution of control from political elites is underway.
Andrew Preston reviews Exporting Democracy: The Risks and Rewards of Pursuing a Good Idea, by Bob Rae. Feb 04, · In Exporting Democracy, Abraham F. Lowenthal and fourteen other noted scholars from the United States, Latin America, and Europe explore the motives, methods, and results of U.S.
efforts to nurture Latin American democracy. Contributors focus on four periods when such efforts were most intense: the years from World War I to the Released on: February 01, Can We Export Democracy? The United States has attempted to export liberal democratic institutions through military occupation and reconstruction throughout its history, with mixed results.
For every West Germany or Japan, there is. Since exporting democracy requires the existence of at least two agents, the importer and the exporter, it would be necessary to perform an in dependent assessment to establish whether the importer actually needs a change of regime and whether the exporter is in a position to develop an alternative regime.Download